By Vassilis Inglezakis, Stavros Poulopoulos
Adsorption, Ion alternate and Catalysis is basically a mix of environmental technological know-how and chemical reactor engineering. extra particularly, 3 very important heterogeneous procedures, specifically, adsorption, ion alternate and catalysis, are analysed, from basic kinetics to reactor layout with emphasis on their environmental functions. In bankruptcy 1, the topic of air and water pollutants is handled. facts approximately pollution and emission assets are given and the therapy equipment are presently awarded. In bankruptcy 2, the very fundamentals and ancient improvement of adsorption, ion trade and catalysis are awarded in addition to their environmental purposes. bankruptcy three is dedicated to heterogeneous strategies and reactor research. every kind of reactors are defined intensive and reactor modelling, hydraulics and mass/heat move phenomena are tested for every form of reactor. Chapters four and five are devoted to adsorption & ion trade and catalysis, respectively. the fundamental ideas are awarded together with kinetics, equilibrium, mass/heat move phenomena in addition to the analytical options of the reactor versions provided in bankruptcy three. within the 6th bankruptcy, the topic of scale up is approached.The Annexes on the finish of the ebook comprise actual houses of gear of environmental curiosity in addition to unit conversion tables. eventually, approximately all of the examples contained are according to actual experimental information present in literature with environmental curiosity. lots of the examples think of all points of operation layout - kinetics, hydraulics and mass transfer.* offers easy wisdom of significant environmental difficulties and connects them to chemicalengineering
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Extra resources for Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis: Design of Operations and Environmental Applications (2006)
However, there was no sound theory that enabled the interpretation of adsorption isotherm data untill 1914. Despite the fact that the Freundlich equation was used, there was no theoretical justification for it. It was an empirical equation, proposed actually by van Bemmelen in 1888. However, it is today known as the Freundlich equation because Freundlich assigned great importance to it and popularized its use. Langmuir was the first to have introduced a clear concept of the monomolecular adsorption on energetically homogeneous surfaces in 1918 and derived the homonymous equation based on kinetic studies (Dabrowski, 2001).
3, the history of adsorption is presented briefly. 2 Ion exchange The first citation of an application of ion exchange can be found in Aristotle’s Problematica, where it is mentioned that sand filters were used for the purification of sea and impure drinking waters. That is also the first environmental application. In the same book, Aristotle suggested that desalination resulted from density effects. It seems that practical applications of ion exchange were well recognized before the 19th century.
Lemberg F. Harm A. Rumpler S. Mayert K. Halse R. Gans O. Folin, R. Bell J. Whitehorn A. Bahrdt O. Liebknecht P. Smit B. A. Adams E. L. Holmes G. F. D’Alelio G. E. Boyd J. W. Adamson C. H. McBurney A. Skogseid J. A. Marinsky L. E. Glendenin C. D. Coryell D. K. Hale D. Reichenberg N. E. Topp C. G. Thomas R. M. Barrer D. W. Breck Invention of sulfonated polystyrene polymerization cation exchangers. Demonstration of the applicability of ion exchange for adsorption of fission products in trace amounts (lanthanides).