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At the other extreme, sub-Saharan Africa has the highest poverty ratio in the world, with 46 per cent of its population living under the poverty line of one dollar per day15. This large disparity between the two sub-regions reflects variations not only in past growth performance but also in the quality of growth and in human capital development. 03 per cent in sub-Saharan Africa. This suggests that the process of economic growth in Northern Africa is more broad-based and pro-poor than that in sub-Saharan Africa.

24, No. 1, Fall 2001. future allocation of the estimated additional aid to individual countries in this group should be contingent on maintaining and improving economic and political governance, as well as improving the effectiveness of using resources. 42 Sixteen countries, most experiencing political and economic instability, are deemed not to have sound policies and adequately functioning institutions. These countries are unlikely to effectively use the estimated amount of aid reported in Table 8.

The APRM concept is starting to gain ground, and a dozen of African countries have now volunteered for being subject to review in the initial stage. The fifth summit of the Heads of State and Government Implementation Committee convened in Abuja in November 2002 has placed the political responsibility for the APRM with the African Union, which is vital to the political viability of the mechanism, especially concerning its sensitive political governance dimension. The APRM will become operational in May 2003 and will involve contributions at the technical level from the UNECA and the African Development Bank, within a framework yet to be determined.

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