By Peyton E. Daniels

Africa has traditionally held a peripheral function within the transnational illicit drug alternate, yet in recent times has more and more turn into a spotlight for drug trafficking, quite of cocaine. Africa's emergence as a trafficking nexus appears to be like to have resulted from structural shifts in overseas drug trafficking styles. This ebook examines how top to stability momentary and long term counter-narcotics objectives and techniques in Africa, how a variety of U.S. civilian and army and overseas enterprise counter-narcotics roles and duties in Africa can be outlined and what varieties and degrees of assets those efforts might require.

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Additional info for Africa's Connection to the Drug Trade (African Political, Economic, and Security Issues)

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Criminal groups take advantage of Africa‘s porous borders, poorly-equipped and under- trained law enforcement agencies, and corrupt government officials to facilitate their trafficking operations. S. S. are using the African continent as a transit base/storage location for cocaine destined for European markets. , Africa and Europe. 32 Thomas M. Harrigan Southwest Asian Heroin DEA investigations, intelligence and seizure information identify Africa as a staging ground and transit location for Southwest Asian (SWA) heroin entering global markets.

Finally, khat is smuggled into the United States from East Africa via European countries, where the plant is legal. As a result, millions of dollars a year are being sent to Somalia and other countries in the Horn of Africa that may end up in the coffers of terrorist networks. 34 Thomas M. Harrigan DEA’S STRATEGIC CONCEPT FOR AFRICA DEA‘s principal mission in Africa is to identify, target, and dismantle significant international DTOs. S. or our law enforcement counterparts in Africa, Europe, and Asia.

There is a long history of outside terrorist actors, particularly Hezbollah, being active in Latin America. The most egregious documented cases of Hezbollah and Iran's direct involvement in terrorist activities are the 1992 bombing of the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires and the 1994 bombing of the AMIA Jewish center the same city. Figure 1. Hezbollah Office in Freetown, Sierra Leone But there are other instances that merit mentioning. The FARC has a long history of reaching out to other terrorist groups, notably the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) and the ETA Basque separatists, for training and exchanges.

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