By David K. Hildebrand, James D. Laing, Howard Rosenthal

Ordinal facts might be rank ordered yet no longer assumed to have equivalent distances among different types. utilizing help by way of judges for civil rights measures and bussing because the fundamental instance, this paper shows how such information can most sensible be analyzed.

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77-72857 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 When citing a professional paper, please use the proper form. Remember to cite the correct Sage University Paper series title and include the paper number. One of the two following formats can be adapted (depending on the style manual used): (1) IVERSEN, GUDMUND R. " Sage University Paper series on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, 07-001. Beverly Hills and London: Sage Publications. OR (2) Iversen, Gudmund R. and Norpoth, Helmut.

In fact, the prediction led to a little less than 50 percent error reduction. If the prediction had been that illustrated in Table 6, the reader can calculate that (The subscript on Ñ emphasizes that the measure always reflects a specific prediction. ) Not only does this value accord with our earlier assessment that the prediction should be less successful for Table 6 than for Table 1, but it also shows that the measure of prediction success can be negative. This occurs when, as in this case, the prediction does worse than the benchmark replication.

E. M. USLANER, SERIES EDITOR Page 7 1. Ordinal Measurement Propositions stated in the form, "the more of this, the more of that," are common in social science. " Both of these statements illustrate propositions relating ordinal variables. This paper discusses ways to evaluate such propositions with scientific data. In the following sections we discuss the ordinal measurement of variables, identify alternative types of propositions relating ordinal variables, and present methods for using data to evaluate how successfully such propositions predict observed events.

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