By Timothy Paul Grady

Usually performed down in favour of the bigger festival for empire among England and France, the impact of the Spanish in English Carolina and the English in Spanish Florida created a competition that formed the early heritage of colonial south-east the United States. This examine is the 1st to inform the complete tale of this contention, operating it in to the historiography of either colonies. the quarter intimately, Grady examines the family among the English and Spanish colonists and the local American inhabitants. a variety of indigenous tribes represented the true energy in those areas, with colonial rivalries frequently being performed out throughout the manipulation of those fragile friendships. this type of precise, neighborhood technique permits a wealthy, brilliant narrative to inform a narrative of political, monetary, cultural and social interplay via various views, putting the disparate teams into the context of a far better ancient tapestry.

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The settlers immediately set about fortifying the settlement, which they named Charles Town. A Spanish assault against the town in an attempt to dislodge the English failed when storms forced the Spanish to withdraw to St Augustine. After this failure, the Spanish crown chose to accept the presence of the English rather than try further military measures. The proprietors hoped to make the colony financially self-sufficient and perhaps to generate a profit. Local colonists also sought to turn the new colony to their own interests.

34 During the 1660s several different groups sought to obtain licences from the proprietors to settle at various points along the Carolina coast. The territory was split into three sections. The northernmost, Albemarle, already had a small population of planters that had migrated from Virginia in search of new land. Another centred on the Cape Fear region and the last one on the Port Royal area. Several groups of Barbadian planters, frustrated by the lack of available land in the West Indies, organized an early expedition to the southern regions under Captain William Hilton.

After attacks on San Joseph de Sapala, the Chichimecos retreated north and into the interior. Another attack in 1662 destroyed a small mission along the lower Savannah River. 47 As a result of this movement, groups of refugee ‘Yamassee’ Indians and other natives from the interior migrated into Spanish Florida from 1667 on, displaced by these Chichimecos. Accelerating this migration were the beginnings of other raids by ‘Westo’ Indians who had settled around the middle Savannah River area above modern Augusta during the same period.

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