By Jesse Tilly

Ant is the best construct administration software to be used in Java environments. not like conventional construct administration instruments reminiscent of GNU Make, Ant is itself written in Java, is platform autonomous, and interfaces good with the utilities in Sun's Java software program improvement equipment (SDK). as well as being platform self sufficient, Ant can also be self reliant of the built-in improvement surroundings (IDE) getting used. IDE independence is critical for open resource initiatives (or different tasks) during which some of the builders may perhaps use diversified IDEs. utilizing Ant, Java builders can: * outline construct chunks, the implications that they have to produce, and the dependencies among them * immediately retrieve resource code from resource regulate platforms corresponding to PVCS * construct functions by means of having Ant collect the mandatory resource documents within the right orderAnt construct records are written utilizing XML-a well-established standard-so programmers utilizing Ant should not required to profit another scripting language. they're going to most probably already comprehend XML, and may be capable of leverage that wisdom. Ant is an open resource undertaking, and a part of the Jakarta undertaking. Jakarta is Sun's open resource reference implementation for the JSP and Servlets requirements, and is a part of the Apache group's paintings

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Extra resources for Ant: The Definitive Guide

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The basedir attribute defines the root directory of a project. ", the directory in which the buildfile resides, regardless of the directory you're in when you run Ant. However, basedir can also define different points of reference. For example, a buildfile that is part of a hierarchical project structure needs a different reference point, referring to the project's root directory. You can use the basedir to specify this point of reference. 2 Targets Targets map directly to the broad goals set forth in a build's requirements specification.

Jar"/> This is much easier! Aside from the obvious typing savings, the use of the fileset DataType has another advantage over the use of the property tag. Regardless of whether there are 2 or 25 JARs in the project's library directory, the fileset DataType (shown in the most recent example) will set the classpath to represent them all. On the other hand, you still need to change a path-property value, adding or changing JAR filenames, every time you add or change a JAR. Some DataTypes, but not all, can be defined at the "project level" of a buildfile DOM, meaning they are nested within the element.

On a more technical note, proper segregation makes file manipulation easier on a broad scale. When you delete the /build directory, for example, you delete all of the compiled classes. This method remains valid no matter how much you break down your project. You can always add targets and tasks to handle the more specific details, but you cannot always change the project layout. xml is the default buildfile name. xml. 34 Ant: The Definitive Guide JARs and directories of a libraries' classes that are not built as part of the project are in the /lib directory.

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