By David Mecerreyes
This publication summarizes the most recent wisdom within the technological know-how and expertise of ionic beverages and polymers in numerous components. Ionic beverages (IL) are actively being investigated in polymer technological know-how and know-how for a couple of diverse purposes. within the first a part of the ebook the authors current the actual houses of ionic drinks as speciality solvents. The state-of-the artwork within the use of ionic drinks in polymer synthesis and amendment reactions together with polymer recycling is printed. the second one half specializes in using ionic drinks as speciality ingredients akin to plasticizers or antistatic brokers. The 3rd half examines using ionic drinks within the layout of sensible polymers (usually known as polymeric ionic beverages (PIL) or poly(ionic liquids)). Many very important functions in assorted medical and commercial components depend upon those polymers, like polymer electrolytes in electrochemical units, development blocks in fabrics technological know-how, nanocomposites, fuel membranes, cutting edge anion delicate fabrics, clever surfaces, and a numerous set diversity of rising functions in several fields similar to strength, optoelectronics, analytical chemistry, biotechnology, nanomedicine or catalysis.
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For instance, we have recently used DESs composed of resorcinol, 3-hydroxypyridine, and ChCl for the synthesis of nitrogen-doped carbon monoliths exhibiting a hierarchical porous structure . , 83 and 71 %, respectively. The presence of structural nitrogen was studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). 5 eV, and oxidized-N at 402–405 eV) can be distinguished in carbonaceous materials by deconvolution analysis of the N1s electron binding energy distribution . 5 eV is assigned to pyridinium (by protonation of pyridinic-N) rather than to quaternary-N because the latter is not yet formed .
It is obvious that future work should focus on the preparation of carbons exhibiting a simultaneous enhancement of the energy and the power performance. Carbons prepared from DESs are also suitable for CO2 adsorption and CO2–N2 and/or CO2–CH4 separation processes. In terms of adsorption capacity, we obtained figures comparable to – or even better than – those recently reported for some of the most successful sorbents, either carbonaceous or non-carbonaceous type. Particularly interesting was the selectivity calculated by the IAST equation.
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