By Jerald T. Milanich
This checklist of precolumbian Florida brings to existence the 12,000-year tale of the local American Indians who lived within the state. utilizing info amassed by way of archaeological investigations, many conducted seeing that 1980, Jerald Milanich describes the indigenous cultures and explains why they constructed as they did. In a richly illustrated ebook that would attract profes-sional and avocational archaeologists, students, travelers, and native historical past buffs, Milanich introduces the cloth historical past of the 1st Floridians in the course of the interpretation of artifacts and archaeological sites. Weaving jointly discoveries from such websites because the Lake Jackson mounds within the panhandle, Crystal River at the Gulf coast, and Granada at the Miami River, he relates the lengthy histories of the local teams whose descendants have been decimated throughout the ecu conquest of the 16th and 17th cen-turies.
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This legal and public surge of support for archaeology has brought about a boom in research in Florida. New publications and reports about the archaeology of Florida appear in Page 2 print almost daily. Our knowledge is increasing exponentially, making it almost impossible for one individual to digest it all. Early Observers The present success enjoyed by archaeology was not always the case. With a few notable exceptions, archaeological research in Florida dates only from the federal relief programs of the 1930s, when a handful of archaeologists practiced their profession.
Wyman, a scientifically trained observer in the natural sciences, concluded that the shell mounds were indeed made by native American Indians, thus offering a final answer to the debate that had spanned several decades. He was able to demonstrate that the mounds dated from the precolumbian period and that they were stratigraphically deposited, with older artifacts below younger ones. Wyman's pioneering work was followed by a series of excavations by S. T. Walker, perhaps the most important of which was at Cedar Key on the Gulf coast.
In 1951 he returned full-time to FSU as chair of the anthropology department and undertook numerous projects in the northern part of the state. Smith was soon joined by Charles Fairbanks, who was a member of the FSU faculty for nearly a decade before replacing Goggin at the University of Florida. By the mid-1950s Adelaide and Ripley Bullen, Charles Fairbanks, John Goggin, John Griffin, William Sears, and Hale Smith all were doing archaeology in Florida, and students in anthropology at FSU and anthropology/sociology at UF were producing theses on archaeological topics.