By G. Bischof

On the top of the 1st chilly battle within the early Nineteen Fifties, the Western powers apprehensive that occupied Austria may possibly turn into 'Europe's Korea' and feared a Communist takeover. The Soviets exploited their profession area for optimum reparations. American monetary reduction assured Austria's survival and fiscal reconstruction. Their army information became Austria right into a 'secret best friend' of the West. Austrian international relations performed an essential position in securing the Austrian treaty in bilateral negotiations with Stalin's successors within the Kremlin demonstrating the leverage of the susceptible within the chilly struggle.

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Extra info for Austria in the First Cold War, 1945–55: The Leverage of the Weak

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The British wanted to break Austria\ close association with Germany by treating Austria helter than Germany. The Austrians surely would hope to escape the consequences of defeat "by repudiating Nazidom and. of course. with Nazidom. Germany". There were no representative Austrian leaders abroad to create an Austrian government-in-exile. Therefore the Allies had to wait until the Austrian people themselves could "throw up the first responsible Government of restored Austria''. " Once an independent Austria was re-established the British hoped to incorporate it in a larger Central or SouthEastern European Union 94 Harrison also drafted what would become the Moscow Declaration.

Only Mexico denounced Nazi aggression in Austria for its own reasons. Hitler managed to gobble up Austria without indigestion because the Great Depression and appeasement had weakened the moral fibre of the Western democracies. ) thus became a classical case study of the bandwagon effect in the collapse of leadership. The Western powers tried to hide their respective failures in courage by expecting the others to lead. The British were unprepared to counter aggression: the Italians had already slipped into Hitler's camp: the French were incapacitated by domestic crisis and would not act without British and Italian support: the Americans expected the Europeans to take the lead.

286,000 (8 per cent) were Austrians. 000 (80 per cent). served in the Army. It is a puzzle to military historians why Austrian soldiers died in significantly smaller numbers than German soldiers. While more than 4 million German Wehrmacht soldiers died (29 per cent). 242,000 Austrians died ( 19 per cent). Austrians fought in significantly smaller numbers in the German Air Force and Navy. When the Wehrmacht started experiencing massive losses in the Eastern campaigns late in 1942. the regional coherence and homogeneity of units broke down - no longer did homogeneous "Austrian" units exist as one had seen in the first couple of years in the mountain troops who served in the Balkans, Crete and the Eastern front:'<' Did Austrian soldiers commit war crimes on a smaller scale than their German counterparts' 1 Probably not.

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