By Martha Himmelfarb

This quantity comprises articles via Martha Himmelfarb on subject matters in moment Temple Judaism and the improvement and reception of moment Temple traditions in overdue antiquity and the center a while. The part on "Priests, Temples, and Torah” addresses the subjects of its name in texts from the Bible to the Mishnah. "Purity within the useless Sea Scrolls” includes articles interpreting the intensification of the biblical purity legislation, rather the legislation for genital discharge, within the significant felony records from the Scrolls. In "Judaism and Hellenism” the writer explores the connection among those historic cultures via interpreting the traditional and sleek historiography of the Maccabean insurrection and the function of the Torah in historic Jewish variations of Greek tradition. The final sections of the amount keep on with texts and traditions of the second one Temple interval into overdue antiquity and the center a while. The articles in "Heavenly Ascent” reflect on the connection among the ascent apocalypses of the second one Temple interval and later works regarding heavenly ascent, really the hekhalot texts. within the ultimate part, "The Pseudepigrapha and Medieval Jewish Literature,” Himmelfarb investigates facts for wisdom of works of the second one Temple interval through medieval Jews with attention of the channels during which the works may have reached those later readers.

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173. 36 Qimron, Miqṣat Ma aśe ha-Torah, 174. 37 Qimron and Strugnell reconstruct the second word in the phrase as ‫ קודש‬with a ‫ ו‬despite the spelling of the word extant in B 76. 34 Strictly 36 2. Levi, Phinehas, and the Problem of Intermarriage But would 4QMMT have used the term “holy seed” to refer first to Israel and then to priests within a single ruling? Further, if both Israel and the priesthood are holy seed, the prohibition of marriage between them on the basis of the rules of mixed kinds breaks down.

These instructions cover selected aspects of priestly practice in considerable detail. 8 Despite the 5 Verse numbers for Aramaic Levi follow Kugler, Patriarch (62–63 for discussion).  H. ” Supp. 22–27 come from material Kugler calls 4Q213 2 (Patriarch, 34–37).  E.  C. Greenfield in Qumran Cave 4: 17, Parabiblical Texts, Part 3 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996), 33–35, as 4Q213a 3–4, two fragments; in the editors’ words, “the join … seems convincing” (33). For a table of correspondences between Kugler’s labels for the fragments and those of the edition of Stone and Greenfield, see A.

The seven mountains and the mountain throne of God of the second tour are a more elaborate version of the same phenomena in the first tour. 27 Himmelfarb, Tours of Hell: An Apocalyptic Form in Jewish and Christian Literature (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983), 41–60. 24 The dialogue between Enoch and his guide takes place primarily in the second tour; the only instance of dialogue in the first tour appears in relation to this sight. The presence of the device there is probably not accidental, but a means of emphasizing the single sight in the tour that is linked to the narrative of Enoch and the watchers.

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