By Roger Pickenpaugh
Camp Chase used to be an important Union POW camp and likewise served at quite a few instances as a Union army education facility and as quarters for Union squaddies who were taken prisoner via the Confederacy and published on parole or exchanged. As such, this cautious, thorough, and aim exam of the background and management of the camp should be of real importance within the literature at the Civil warfare.
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Extra info for Camp Chase and the Evolution of Union Prison Policy
During Col. 44 As for the quality of guards, such evidence that survives suggests that it was mixed at best. In August 1861 a sentinel was charged with sleeping at his post. ” The unfortunate sentry was released from conﬁnement. More serious was the November 15 report that several German-born guards could not understand English well enough to be certain of their duties. Those who could be certain often found ways to avoid performing them. Writing to his wife in March 1862, Thomas M. m. changing of the guard.
William Hoffman, the Union’s commissary general of prisoners, instructed Tod to release all black prisoners. Hoffman urged that only a few be released 28 / Chapter 2 at a time. This, he said, would “give them the better opportunity of ﬁnding employment and . . ” Each was to be given three days’ rations. 20 All of these events at Camp Chase were playing out in front of a continuing parade of commanders. By early 1862 there was more stability than there had been the previous summer, when commanders changed sometimes weekly as regiments headed continually to the front.
In addition, prison ofﬁcials supplied only ﬁve small sticks of wood each day for cooking to a mess of twenty-ﬁve prisoners. The women of Columbus, he added, had asked permission to supply comfortable bedding for the captives but had been denied by prison ofﬁcials. ”24 Morey’s account contained a few minor factual errors. He placed Camp Chase four miles south of Columbus, when in reality it was west of the city. He also wrote that the prison took up half an acre of ground. It was actually much larger.