By Imre Lakatos, Alan Musgrave

Imre Lakatos, Alan Musgrave. Criticism and the expansion of Knowledge: court cases of the foreign Colloquium within the Philosophy of technological know-how. Cambridge college Press, 3d impact 1974 [Repr. 1995]. 288 Pages
ISBN 0-521-09623-5 paperback

Book Description
Two books were relatively influential in modern philosophy of technological know-how: Karl R. Popper's common sense of clinical Discovery, and Thomas S. Kuhn's constitution of medical Revolutions. either agree upon the significance of revolutions in technology, yet vary concerning the position of feedback in science's innovative progress. This quantity arose out of a symposium on Kuhn's paintings, with Popper within the chair, at a global colloquium held in London in 1965. The booklet starts off with Kuhn's assertion of his place by way of seven essays providing feedback and research, and at last by way of Kuhn's answer. The ebook will curiosity senior undergraduates and graduate scholars of the philosophy and historical past of technology, in addition to specialist philosophers, philosophically vulnerable scientists, and a few psychologists and sociologists.
Editorial Reviews
'An attention-grabbing and helpful number of papers.' - Nature
'This publication is an interesting instance of philosophical debate approximately matters which may still curiosity any historian of technology all for clinical approach and the philosophy of medical change.' - Philosophy of Science
"An very important number of major papers." - American Scientist

Previous Editions: First released 1970. Reprinted with corrections 1972, 1974 (3d Impression). Reprinted 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989,1990,1992, 1993, 1994, 1995.

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Additional resources for Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge, Volume 4: Proceedings of the International Colloquium in the Philosophy of Science

Example text

360-77. Does the Distinction between Normal and Revolutionary Science Hold Water? STEPHEN TOULMIN University of Michigan Professor T. S. Kuhn's contribution to this Symposium can be looked at from two angles: either as a critique of Sir Karl Popper's approach towards the philosophy of science, in the light of its contrasts with Professor Kuhn's own views, or alternatively, as a further instalment in the development of Kuhn's analysis of the process of scientific change. My concern here is with the second of these two aspects.

But for the time being I shall suppose that the history of science does indeed display a Kuhnian pattern; that is, I shall suppose that a typical cycle consists of a longish period of Normal Science, which gives way to a short and hectic bout of Extraordinary Science, after which a new period of Normal Science sets in. The question I now ask is, Why is Kuhn concerned to up-value Normal Science and down-value Extraordinary Science? This question is prompted by several considerations. First, Normal Science seems to me to be rather boring and unheroic compared with Extraordinary Science.

The physicist J. E. Wheeler was using the word in a Popperian spirit when he wrote: 'Our whole problem is to make the mistakes as fast as possible' (Wheeler [1956]» p. 360). Since Kuhn's main target was Popper's demarcation criterion, and since Popper has stated this pretty sharply, one might have expected that here, at least, Kuiin would have given chapter and verse. But no, he prefers once more to moot a construction of his own: 'Demarcation might... be achieved by an exclusively syntactic criterion.

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